Franz Ferdinand

Socialism and Utopia

A tangible condition of the present, with all its limitations, fused with an alternative future – Socialism and Utopia are closely associated, have an “organic connection”, and were nearly synonymous in the nineteenth century. – – NOTE 6 – *

“Just as in the nineteenth century, no Balkan country could become independent without its leaders doffing their picturesque native costumes, donning frock coats, striped trousers, top hats, and liberalism, and talking the jargon of John Stuart Mill and Galdstone, […]” – NOTE 4 *

Today’s Featured Image: Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Pictured Above

Credit for Today’s Featured Image – By Ferdinand Schmutzer – Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Bildarchiv Austria, Inventarnr. LSCH 0029-C, Public Domain

Utopia – October

Utopias mentioned in October: The Story of the Russian Revolution include: “Belovode of the White Waters; Oponia at the edge of the world; the underground land of Chud; the Golden Islands; Darya; Ignat; Nutland; the submerged city of Kitezh [submerged] below the waters of Lake Svetloyar.”

link to en DOT wikipedia DOT org wiki The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya

“Alexander’s ‘Great Reforms’ [introduced] the abolition of serfdom […]” – “[which was] a limited emancipation.” The peasants remained tied to the commune. – Miéville, pg. 8

Russian History Summarized

“Russian history of the nineteenth century may be said to be dominated by four dates: the uprising of December 1825, the emancipation of the serfs in March 1861, the assassination of Alexander II in March 1881, and, finally, the revolutionary war of 1905.” – Note 11 – Kohn, Hans. The Journal of Modern History

20th Century Soviet Union

“Questions [as to the vision of the future of CONTEMPORARY SOVIET SOCIETY elicit responses] ranging from skepticism to wild enthusiasm, from cautious projections of present-day reality to fantastic dreams of automated utopias.”

“[…] two basic models of social order and political power emerge. […] the Bloc model and the Grass-roots model.”

link to jstor.org/stable/20719420 – McKenna, Erin. Utopian Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, 1995, pp. 146–147. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20719420. Accessed 16 Aug. 2021.

Narodniki

…and narodnaya volya – “will of the people”

“It was only when the “Journey to the People” had failed that the revolutionaries lost their belief in the peasants’ readiness for revolution, and began to turn for followers to the discontented proletariat in the towns and for theory to the economics of Carl Marx.” – Note 10, Anne Pedler, pg 130, Going to the People

October Revolution – RUSSIA

link to occasional planet DOT org/2017/10/20 A Review of the Book: October: The Story of the Russian Revolution -by China Miéville – A REVIEW OF “OCTOBER: THE STORY OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION”, BY CHINA MIÉVILLE

“[…] everyone from The New York Times to Alex Jones to Jacobin have remarked upon the centennial of the Russian Revolution this year.

link to http://occasionalplanet.org/2017/10/20/review-october-story-russian-revolution-china-mieville/

A Crucial Event in World History – RUSSIA

The “story” aspect, however, is perfectly apt: October is narrative fiction at its best. This means it quickly disposes of objective, “hard” historical analysis. “While I do not pretend to be neutral, I have striven to be fair,” Miéville writes in the introduction. 

link to http://occasionalplanet.org/2017/10/20/review-october-story-russian-revolution-china-mieville/

“We need to face the reality of the sovereign state, but not forget the power of the individual to change things.” 1

Alexander II

“By negotiating the Treaty of Paris in 1856, Alexander relieved the pressure of military defeat and avoided possible dismemberment of empire, but more fundamental changes were needed to save Russia from a similar fate at a later time.” – Note 7 – Rieber, Alfred J., pg 42

Zhelyabov, a Russian terrorist, “[…] was a leader of the ultimately successful conspiracy against Tsar Alexander II.” – Note 12 –

“Based upon an underground apparatus of local, semi-independent cells co-ordinated by a self-selecting Executive Committee, Narodnaya Volya continued to espouse acts of revolutionary violence in a attempt to spur mass revolt against Tsarism, culminating in the successful assassination of Tsar Alexander II in March 1881—the event for which the group is best remembered.”

link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narodnaya_Volya

Zhelyabov

A SHORT course in revolutionary technique can be derived from “Red Prelude,” by the English writer David Footman. It is a study of a Russian who was hanged in 1881. He and four others, one of them the daughter of a former Governor General of St. Petersburg, were executed in Semenovski Square in that city by a bungling and drunken hangman, with 12,000 troops to hold back a roaring crowd of 80,000.

link to https://www.nytimes.com/1945/07/28/archives/books-of-the-times-it-wasnt-only-the-liberals.html

Andrei Zhelyabov – Andrei Ivanovich Zhelyabov (Russian: Желябов, Андрей Иванович; 29 August [O.S. 17 August] 1851 – 15 April [O.S. 3 April] 1881) was a Russian Empire revolutionary and member of the Executive Committee of Narodnaya Volya.

link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrei_Zhelyabov

The treaty signed in Paris on 30 March 1856, which put an end to the Crimean War, embodied one of the principal war-aims of the Allied Powers, the neutralization of the Black Sea.

Mosse, W. E. “The Russians at Villafranca.” The Slavonic and East European Review, vol. 30, no. 75, 1952, pp. 425–443. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4204344. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Facts and Bios

In his own time and in his own place, Alexander Herzen was an anachronism and an anomaly. Born in 1812, the semi‐legitimate son of an eccentric and reclusive Russian aristocrat his father was married to his mother, but not in the Orthodox Church, and so the union was legally invalid—Herzen was steeped at an early age in the liberal thought that had been advanced opinion in 18th‐century France and still was advanced opinion in the Russia of Nicholas I.

link to https://www.nytimes.com/1973/10/21/archives/my-past-and-thoughts-the-memoirs-of-alexander-herzen-edited-and.html

Toward the end of his university years, Herzen descended a bit from these philosophical abstractions when he became an advocate of Saint Simon’s socialist “New Christianity.”

Mendel, Arthur. The Journal of Modern History, vol. 34, no. 3, 1962, pp. 343–344. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1874394. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Adam Ulam – Socialism and Utopia

Socialism and Utopia. Those two words were once thought to be closely associated, if indeed not synonymous. With all due respect to Sir Thomas More’s copyright, creation of utopias is a nineteenth-century phenomenon and so is socialism.

Rationalism, in Western philosophy, the view that regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge. Holding that reality itself has an inherently logical structure, the rationalist asserts that a class of truths exists that the intellect can grasp directly. There are, according to the rationalists, certain rational principles—especially in logic and mathematics, and even in ethics and metaphysics—that are so fundamental that to deny them is to fall into contradiction. The rationalists’ confidence in reason and proof tends, therefore, to detract from their respect for other ways of knowing.

link to https://www.britannica.com/topic/rationalism – Blanshard, Brand. “Rationalism”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 17 Nov. 2020, https://www.britannica.com/topic/rationalism. Accessed 18 August 2021.

Andrei Zhelyabov – Andrei Ivanovich Zhelyabov (Russian: Желябов, Андрей Иванович; 29 August [O.S. 17 August] 1851 – 15 April [O.S. 3 April] 1881) was a Russian Empire revolutionary and member of the Executive Committee of Narodnaya Volya.

link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrei_Zhelyabov

Russian history of the nineteenth century may be said to be dominated by four dates: the uprising of December 1825, the emancipation of the serfs in March 1861, the assassination of Alexander II in March 1881, and, finally, the revolutionary war of 1905.

link to Kohn, Hans. The Journal of Modern History, vol. 19, no. 2, 1947, pp. 172–173. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1870942. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021. – Review of Red Prelude – by David Footman. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1945. Pp 267

NOTES

NOTE 1 – link to jstor.org/stable/20719420 – McKenna, Erin. Utopian Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, 1995, pp. 146–147. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20719420. Accessed 16 Aug. 2021.

Note 2 – https://www.jstor.org/stable/126385 – Hare, Richard. The Russian Review, vol. 21, no. 2, 1962, pp. 191–192. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/126385. Accessed 16 Aug. 2021.

Note 3 – Riasanovsky, Alexander V., and Alvin Z. Rubinstein. “Russian Utopia and Soviet Communism.” Social Science, vol. 38, no. 3, 1963, pp. 151–167. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23907632. Accessed 16 Aug. 2021. – https://www.jstor.org/stable/23907632

Note 4 – Adam Ulam – Socialism and Utopia – link to Ulam, Adam. “Socialism and Utopia.” Daedalus, vol. 94, no. 2, 1965, pp. 382–400. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20026915. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Note 5 – Blanshard, Brand. “Rationalism”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 17 Nov. 2020, https://www.britannica.com/topic/rationalism. Accessed 18 August 2021.

Note 6 – “Socialism and Utopia. Those two words were once thought to be closely associated, if indeed not synonymous. With all due respect to Sir Thomas More’s copyright, creation of utopias is a nineteenth-century phenomenon and so is socialism.” – link to Ulam, Adam. “Socialism and Utopia.”

Note 7 – Rieber, Alfred J. “Alexander II: A Revisionist View.” The Journal of Modern History, vol. 43, no. 1, 1971, pp. 42–58. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1877924. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Note 8 – The Map of Europe by Treaty; Showing the Various Political and Territorial Changes which have taken place since the General Peace of 1814. – scanned into a google-book. – also archived: – link

Note 9 – Mosse, W. E. “The Russians at Villafranca.” The Slavonic and East European Review, vol. 30, no. 75, 1952, pp. 425–443. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4204344. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Note 10 – https://www.jstor.org/stable/4202141 – Anne Pedler. “Going to the People. The Russian Narodniki in 1874-5.” The Slavonic Review, vol. 6, no. 16, 1927, pp. 130–141. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4202141. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Note 11 – Kohn, Hans. The Journal of Modern History, vol. 19, no. 2, 1947, pp. 172–173. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1870942. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021. –

Note 12 – link to https://www.jstor.org/stable/1404074 – Gurian, Waldemar. “Russia and Eastern Europe.” The Review of Politics, vol. 7, no. 4, 1945, pp. 530–534. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1404074. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

ERRATA

“Socialism and Utopia. Those two words were once thought to be closely associated, if indeed not synonymous. With all due respect to Sir Thomas More’s copyright, creation of utopias is a nineteenth-century phenomenon and so is socialism.” -4 – More Here ****

Sources

link to https://stacks.stanford.edu/file/druid:jh263kk9829/stedman_jones.pdf, Saint Simon and the liberal origins of the socialist critique of
Political Economy, By – Gareth Stedman-Jones
King’s College, Cambridge University

link to https://www.jstor.org/stable/20026915 – Socialism and Utopia – by Adam Ulam – Socialism and Utopia – Source: Daedalus , Spring, 1965, Vol. 94, No. 2, Utopia (Spring, 1965), pp. 382-400 Published by: The MIT Press on behalf of American Academy of Arts & Sciences Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/20026915

link to SLAV 140: Introduction to Russian Culture: Russian Utopias

link to https://www.britannica.com/topic/rationalism

October, The Story of the Russian Revolution, China Miéville, Published by Verso 2017

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1877924

https://archive.org/stream/mapeuropebytrea03hertgoog/mapeuropebytrea03hertgoog_djvu.txt

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/digital/collections/cul/texts/ldpd_7229668_000/pages/ldpd_7229668_000_00000393.html

https://www.jstor.org/stable/4204344

https://www.jstor.org/stable/4202141 – Anne Pedler. “Going to the People. The Russian Narodniki in 1874-5.” The Slavonic Review, vol. 6, no. 16, 1927, pp. 130–141. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4202141. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrei_Zhelyabov

By Ferdinand Schmutzer – Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Bildarchiv Austria, Inventarnr. LSCH 0029-C, Public Domain

link to https://www.nytimes.com/1945/07/28/archives/books-of-the-times-it-wasnt-only-the-liberals.html – Review of Red Prelude by David Footman

link to https://www.jstor.org/stable/1404074 – Gurian, Waldemar. “Russia and Eastern Europe.” The Review of Politics, vol. 7, no. 4, 1945, pp. 530–534. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1404074. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021.

Kohn, Hans. The Journal of Modern History, vol. 19, no. 2, 1947, pp. 172–173. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1870942. Accessed 18 Aug. 2021. – https://www.jstor.org/stable/1870942

link to https://archive.org/details/redprelude0000unse

Current Events – Afghanistan ETC

link to https://pressfortruth.ca/

The Deep State is Pulling the Strings

link to press for truth DOT ca – what everyone is missing about Afghanistan and the Taliban’s CIA roots – link to TAKING ON WALMART LOOK AT 5 PEOPLE SAYING NO !!!! + NEWS – The Nuremberg Code – wiki link – “The origin of the Code began in pre–World War II German politics, particularly during the 1930s and 1940s. The pre-war German Medical Association was considered to be a progressive and democratic association with great concerns for public health, one example being the legislation of compulsory health insurance for German workers.” – link to daily mail DOT co DOT uk – news – article 9905079 Trump claims COVID booster-shots ARE A money-making operation FOR Pfizer DOT html – link to the epoch times DOT com – university in connecticut to fine block internet access to unvaccinated students

Star Trek Alien Race

link to Star Trek Alien Race Is The Same As Those Getting The Shots? 8-18-2021

Utopia – Making the Future a Better Place

JLegare


Amateur writer, pianist, denizen of Houston and part-time GLBT activist. Email: james.legare.CEO@jameslegare.us -> I would be delighted to hear from you!


Post navigation


error: Content is protected !!